New Zealand might seem like a pleasant, peaceful country, and do you know what? For the most part, it is. Sheep don’t get involved in much crime, after all. However, beneath the crust of the Earth lies a tumultuous hive of activity that has literally shaped the nation. It’s called the Pacific Ring of Fire, and it’s the product of tectonic plate movement that has forced up the mountain ranges we see today, such as the Southern Alps (notice how they are all in a big line?).